National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commission


National Human Rights Commission


The National Human Rights Commission is an autonomous body constituted on 12th October 1993 under the protection of Human rights Act,1993. It consists of a chairman and few other members. NHRC is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights in India defined by the Act as rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants.


Functions of NHRC:

• To inquire into the violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant

• To intervene in court proceedings relating to human rights

• To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights

• To engage in human rights education among various sections of society

• To encourage the effects of NGOs and institutions working in the field of human rights.


State Human Rights Commission(SHRC)


Every state in India has a State Human Rights Commission established in accordance with the power conferred on the state under section 21 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The protection and promotion of human rights constitute the principal concern of the Commission. Moreover, the procedures adopted by the Commission to conduct its proceedings, the suo motu actions taken on complaints regardless of the sources received and the transparency of the proceedings of the SHRC add strength to its functioning in a state.


Functions of SHRC

• The SHRC shall enquire into violation of human rights in respect of matters specified in the state and concurrent lists.

• Its objectives and duties are the same as NHRC, but confined only to the state. It has a chairman and two members.

• It has the power of a civil court and can take cognizance of cases if received or in suo motu.

• It can also recommend compensation to victims.


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