National River Conservation plan
- There are several small and large rivers in India such as Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Sutlej, Krishna, Narmada, Kaveri, Godavari etc.
- Many of the Indian rivers are polluted and their waters over large stretches are unfit for human use. River pollution is mostly from discharge of effluents by industries, and cities developed along river courses.
- To clean up the rivers, massive action plans have been launched by the Government of India.
Two important action plans are:
1. Ganga Action Plan
2. Yamuna Action Plan
Ganga Action Plan or GAP:
- Ganga is the largest and most important Indian river. It is 2,525 Km long. The watershed of river Ganga spreads over ten Indian states. The major cause of Ganga water pollution is unrestricted discharge of untreated sewage and industrial effluents all along its course. Ganga Action Plan (GAP) is an ambitious and first of its kind river cleaning project. Ganga Action Plan (GAP) has been launched by the Government of India to clean the river Ganga.
- The first phase of the project was completed in 1993.
Yamuna Action Plan (YAP):
- It was implemented in April,1993.
- Yamuna is a major tributary of the river Ganga.
- Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) aims at cleaning and conserving water of the river Yamuna by removing pollutants from it.